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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2007

Author(s): Rehman, H; Rosenkranz, C; Böhm, J; Zentek, J

Title: Dietary inulin affects the morphology but not the sodium-dependent glucose and glutamine transport in the jejunum of broilers.

Source: Poult Sci (86), 1 118-122.


Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Böhm Josef
Rosenkranz Christine
Zentek Jürgen

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds
Institute of Topographical Anatomy


Abstract:
Inulin, a prebiotic, is a fermentable oligosaccharide that may affect the intestinal mucosal architecture and the electrophysiological parameters. The effects of a diet with added inulin were tested on the jejunal morphology and electrogenic transport of Glc and Gln from the jejunal mucosa in broilers. Short-circuit current and transmucosal tissue resistance of jejunal flaps were measured in Ussing chambers. The feeding experiment was carried out in broilers (n = 40) using 1% inulin with an application period of 5 wk. The inulin-containing diet resulted in longer jejunal villi (P < 0.05) and deeper crypts (P < 0.01) than in control birds without affecting villus:crypt depth. Basal short-circuit current value remained unaffected by dietary treatment. Inulin supplementation did not modify the electrogenic transport of Glc and Gln in the jejunal mucosa. The basal value of transmucosal tissue resistance was significantly lower (P < 0.001) in the inulin-fed group compared with the control group. In conclusion, inulin supplementation affected the jejunal mucosal architecture but did not modify the electrogenic transport of Glc and amino acid under present experimental condition.

Keywords Pubmed: Animal Feed
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Biological Transport, Active/drug effects
Chickens/anatomy & histology*
Chickens/metabolism
Diet/veterinary
Glucose/metabolism*
Glutamine/metabolism*
Inulin/administration & dosage
Inulin/pharmacology*
Jejunum/anatomy & histology*
Jejunum/drug effects*
Jejunum/metabolism
Sodium/metabolism*


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