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Selected Publication:

Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2008

Author(s): Awad, WA; Razzazi-Fazeli, E; Böhm, J; Zentek, J

Title: Effects of B-trichothecenes on luminal glucose transport across the isolated jejunal epithelium of broiler chickens.

Source: J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2008; 92(3):225-230



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Awad Wageha
Böhm Josef
Razzazi-Fazeli Ebrahim
Zentek Jürgen

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds


Abstract:
Trichothecenes are closely-related sesquiterpenoids (ring structure) with a 12, 13 epoxy ring and a variable number of hydroxyl, acetyl or other substituents. In chickens, D-glucose and amino acid absorption occurs via carrier-mediated transport. Recently, it has been observed that deoxynivalenol (DON) alters the gut function and impairs glucose and amino acid transport in chickens. The purpose of this work was to determine the effects of different B-trichothecenes [DON, Nivalenol (NIV), 15-Ac-DON and Fusarenon X (FUS X)] on intestinal carrier-mediated sodium co-transport of D-glucose in the small intestine of broiler chickens. Intestinal transport was determined by changes in the short-circuit current (Isc), proportional to ion transmembrane flux, in the middle segment of the jejunum of broilers with the Ussing chamber technique. D-glucose produced an increase of the Isc, and this effect was reverted by different B-trichothecene mycotoxins, indicating that the glucose induced Isc was altered by B-trichothecenes. The addition of glucose after pre-incubation of the tissues with B-trichothecenes had no effect (p > 0.05) on the Isc, suggesting that B-trichothecenes afflicted the Na(+)-D-glucose co-transport. However, FUX had no obvious effect on the measured parameters. It could be concluded from the present study that the glucose co-transporter activity appears to be more sensitive to DON, NIV and 15-Ac-DON suppression than by FUS X in the jejunum of broilers.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Chickens/metabolism*
Glucose/pharmacokinetics*
Intestinal Absorption
Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism*
Jejunum/metabolism
Sodium-Glucose Transport Proteins/metabolism*
Tissue Culture Techniques
Trichothecenes/pharmacology*


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