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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2008

Author(s): Lukas, B; Schmiderer, C; Mitteregger, U; Franz, C; Novak, J

Title: Essential oil compounds of Origanum vulgare L. (Lamiaceae) from Corsica.

Source: Nat Prod Commun (3), 7 1127-1131.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Franz Chlodwig
Lukas Brigitte
Novak Johannes
Schmiderer Corinna

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds


Abstract:
The essential oil compounds of 274 individual plants belonging to 13 populations of Origanum vulgare L. (Lamiaccae) from Corsica were studied by GC/FID and GC/MS. On the basis of their monoterpene chemistry three different chemotypes were obvious in the Origanum populations: The first and most common type was a 'cymyl' type, with either carvacrol (0.6-65.5%) or thymol (0.0-49.5%) as the main compound. The second, which was very rare, was a 'sabinyl' type with sabinene (7.8-20.2%) and cis-sabinene hydrate (0.7-24.8%) as main compounds. The third type was a 'mixed' type combining compounds of the 'cymyl' and the 'sabinyl' pathway. The 'mixed' type was rich in cis-sabinene hydrate (0.0-52.4%) and gamma-terpinene (0.6-35.4%).


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