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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2012

Author(s): Chizzola, R

Title: Composition and variability of the essential oil of Salvia nemorosa (Lamiaceae) from the Vienna area of Austria.

Source: Nat Prod Commun. 2012; 7(12):1671-1672

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Chizzola Remigius

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds

The volatiles present in the aerial parts of Salvia nemorosa L. (Lamiaceae), grave sage, were analysed by GC/MS and GC in plants growing at different sites in the outskirts of Vienna, Austria. The flower oils contained mainly sabinene (37-44%), germacrene D (9-14%), beta-caryophyllene (8-12%) and caryophyllene oxide (2.6-4.4%). Leaf samples had beta-caryophyllene (14-41%), germacrene D (14-38%) and caryophyllene oxide (5-20%) as main compounds, while stem oils were characterized by an high hexadecanoic acid percentage besides germacrene D and beta-caryophyllene.

Keywords Pubmed: Austria
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Oils, Volatile/chemistry*
Plant Leaves/chemistry
Plant Stems/chemistry

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