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Selected Publication:

Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Review

Year: 1992

Author(s): Böhm, J

Title: Über die Bedeutung der Mykotoxine Desoxynivalenol, Zearalenon und Ochratoxin a für Landwirtschaftliche Nutztiere.

Other title: The significance of the mycotoxins desoxynivalenol, zearalenone and ochratoxin A for agricultural domestic animals

Source: Arch Tierernahr (42), 2 95-111.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Böhm Josef

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds

Mycotoxins are metabolic products of mycotoxins which have various chemical structures and show various toxic effects. Deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin) is an important economic factor in pig production due to growth depression and suppression of the immune system. Previous studies have shown that the 1-ppm limit in the sole feed for pigs should not be exceeded. Studies of methods of detoxification have as yet not produced conclusive results. Zearalenone has an tolerable effect and may lead to fertility disturbances on the oestrogen production in pigs and can cause remarkable economic damage even in the ppb range. Recommendations of upper limits cannot be made on the basis of the available results. The kidney toxin ochratoxin A is of importance in pig and poultry breeding and--due to its accumulation in the tissue--represents a possible source of danger to man. Since a possible carcinogenic effect of the toxin cannot be excluded, its content in animal rations should be kept as low as possible. For ruminants mycotoxins as a whole do not represent a particular source of danger as these substances can be degraded or converted by rumen flora.

Keywords Pubmed: Animal Feed/adverse effects*
Animals, Domestic*/growth & development
Animals, Domestic*/immunology
Animals, Domestic*/physiology
Drug Residues/adverse effects
Food Contamination
Ochratoxins/adverse effects*
Poultry/growth & development
Swine/growth & development
Trichothecenes/adverse effects*
Zearalenone/adverse effects*

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