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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2014

Authors: Rietmann, S; Walzer, C

Title: Parasitological examination of common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) faeces in the Gamba Complex of Protected Area in Gabon.

Source: Wien Tierarztl Monat (101), 3-4 66-73.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Rietmann Sylvie
Walzer Christian

Vetmed Research Units
Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology

Effective conservation of species requires scientific evidence upon which to base decisions. Health threats to wildlife must be considered when devising conservation strategies. Reference data on diseases, their spread and their consequences for both hosts and people are key factors in the sustainable management of wildlife species. In this study we investigated the possibility of extracting parasites and assessing parasite type from faeces of the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) from the central African country of Gabon. Faecal samples were collected in the field, fixed in a formalin solution and analysed using flotation and sedimentation methods. We found parasites in 70 out of 77 samples; mainly comprising the genera Eimeria and Fasciola. The study suggests that our methods are suitable for screening faecal parasites of free-ranging hippopotamuses.

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