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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2019

Authors: Beinhauer, I; Bugnyar, T; Auersperg, AMI

Title: Prospective but not retrospective tool selection in the Goffin's cockatoo (Cacatua goffiniana).

Source: Behaviour 2019; 156: 633-659



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Auersperg Alice Isabel Marie

Vetmed Research Units
Messerli Research Institute, Comparative Cognition


Project(s): Tool Manufacture in the Goffin´s cockatoo

Technical Innovativeness in the Goffin’s Cockatoo (Cacatua goffiniana)


Abstract:
The ability to select the necessary means for a familiar task while the task itself or the respective tools are out of sight suggests a rudimentary form of planning. Here we investigated if and how a non-specialized tool using bird, the Goffin's cockatoo, can prospectively or retrospectively select the functional tool in a decision-making task featuring two different types of apparatuses and their corresponding tools. Each apparatus could only be employed with one specific type of tool. Either the apparatus was presented and occluded prior to the presentation of the tools (prospective condition) or the tools were presented and occluded prior to the presentation of the apparatus (retrospective condition). Our results suggest the birds can prospectively but not retrospectively select the correct tool, paralleling previous research in tool using apes, and indicate at least simple forms of prospective selection in the tool use of a species distantly related to primates.


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