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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2020

Author(s): Mahmood, M; Petri, RM; Gavr─âu, A; Zebeli, Q; Khiaosa-Ard, R

Title: Betaine addition as a potent ruminal fermentation modulator under hyperthermal and hyperosmotic conditions in vitro.

Source: J Sci Food Agric. 2020 100 (5) 2261-2271.



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Khiaosa-Ard Ratchaneewan
Mahmood Mubarik
Petri Renee
Zebeli Qendrim

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds


Abstract:
Climatic and dietary shifts predispose ruminal microbes to hyperthermal and hyperosmotic stress, leading to poor fermentation and subsequently adverse effects on ruminant productivity. Betaine may function as substrate, osmolyte, antioxidant, and methyl donor for microbes. However, its effect depends on the extent of microbial catabolism. This study revealed the ruminal disappearance kinetics of betaine and its dose effect on ruminal fermentation during thermal and osmotic stress using a rumen simulation technique.


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