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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2014

Author(s): Trauffler, M; Griesbacher, A; Fuchs, K; Köfer, J

Title: Antimicrobial drug use in Austrian pig farms: plausibility check of electronic on-farm records and estimation of consumption.

Source: Vet Rec. 2014; 175(16):402



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Köfer Josef
Trauffler Martine

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Food Safety, Food Technology and Veterinary Public Health, Unit of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology


Project(s): Preventive Veterinary Medicine


Abstract:
Electronic drug application records from farmers from 75 conventional pig farms were revised and checked for their plausibility. The registered drug amounts were verified by comparing the farmers" records with veterinarians" dispensary records. The antimicrobial consumption was evaluated from 2008 to 2011 and expressed in weight of active substance(s), number of used daily doses (nUDD), number of animal daily doses (nADD) and number of product-related daily doses (nPrDD). All results were referred to one year and animal bodyweight (kg biomass). The data plausibility proof revealed about 14 per cent of unrealistic drug amount entries in the farmers" records. The annual antimicrobial consumption was 33.9 mg/kg/year, 4.9 UDDkg/kg/year, 1.9 ADDkg/kg/year and 2.5 PrDDkg/kg/year (average). Most of the antimicrobials were applied orally (86 per cent) and at group-level. Main therapy indications were metaphylactic/prophylactic measures (farrow-to-finish and fattening farms) or digestive tract diseases (breeding farms). The proportion of the "highest priority critically important antimicrobials" was low (12 per cent). After determination of a threshold value, farms with a high antimicrobial use could be detected. Statistical tests showed that the veterinarian had an influence on the dosage, the therapy indication and the active substance. Orally administered antimicrobials were mostly underdosed, parenterally administered antimicrobials rather correctly or overdosed.

Keywords Pubmed: Animal Husbandry/statistics & numerical data*
Animals
Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use*
Austria
Communicable Diseases/drug therapy
Communicable Diseases/veterinary*
Electronic Health Records*
Records as Topic/veterinary
Reproducibility of Results
Swine
Swine Diseases/drug therapy*


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