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Publication type: Diploma Thesis

Year: 2010

Author(s): Hambauer, Simone

Title: Der Einfluss von Adipositas auf den Glucosestoffwechsel der Katze.

Other title: The impact of obesity on a cats glucose metabolism

Source: Diplomarbeit, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 22.


Advisor(s):

Iben Christine

Reviewer(s):
Zentek Jürgen

Vetmed Research Units:
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds


Graduation date: 24.01.11


Abstract:
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrinopathy of cats. It is another disease that cats share with the humans. Diabetes mellitus sets up every age, breed or gender. Certain conditions predispose a cat to developing diabetes. Overweight, old and male animals are among the risk groups. An early diagnosis and correct treatment is important to achieve remission. A large increase of blood sugar and fructosamins confirm the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Measuring betahydroxybutyrat in the blood can also give an information about diabetes mellitus. Adipositas is the consequence of cats malnutrition. Fat cats seem more likely to come down with diabetes mellitus than normal weight cats. Not just weight can identify fat cats but also the BCS. The shape of the body gets judged by a scale from 1 to 9. Cats that featured a BCS >5/9 showed up with a significantly increased glucose level in the blood serum (119,09±73,69 vs. 174,56±132,83 mg/dl). Measuring fructosamins and beta-hydroxybutyrat, both were defined higher by trend than measured in cats´ blood of a BCS<5/9. Beta-hydroxybutyrat in the blood was influenced by the cat´s activity. Cats that didn´t play (n=7) had clearly high beta-hydroxybutyrat samples (0,13±0,17 vs. 0,55±0,65 mmol/l). The same happened to blood sugar, that was also very high (232,14±171,12 vs. 125,36±79,63 mg/dl). Based on this study it can be assumed that overweight and inactivity predispose diabetes mellitus.


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