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Selected Publication:

Publication type: Diploma Thesis

Year: 2014

Author(s): Kloibhofer, Catharine

Title: Schadstoffe im Hundespielzeug.

Other title: Harmful substance in canine toys

Source: Diplomarbeit, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 41.


Iben Christine

Schwarzenberger Franz

Vetmed Research Units:
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds

Graduation date: 20.03.15

The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the chemical concentration in canine toys made of plastic. Therefore 18 pet products intended for chewing and mouthing were chosen. These products were probed on chemicals which are known as hazardous substances in children ́s toys. The goal of the current study was to determine if there are any hazardous substances in the products and in which concentration the chemicals occur. In each sample polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were detected, in five of the products phthalates, in six toys bisphenol A, in six products4-nonylphenol and in twelve toys plasticizeralternatives were found. Due to the fact that there is currently no specific regulation for pet toys the findings were compared with the regulation that apply to children ́s products or other items that may be chewed or mouthed. This approach can be explainedby the same usage (contact with mucous membrane, chewing etc.). In addition an overview of the current studies and the current knowledge of the substances mentioned before were given. As all the probed samples excessed the consult critical values, none of the 18 analysed canine toys can be recommendedas canine toys.

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