Thermal stress of animals and children, especially babies left behind in abandoned vehicles, particularly in the warm seasons, is still a popular issue. This fact is regulated in the criminal code, StGB 1974 as well as in the Austrian Animals Protection Act, the TSchG 2005.
This situation had been discussed on the basis of the thermal balance of homoiotherm organism. Therefore, the equilibrium of heat production as well as heat loss of a body in form of radiation, conduction, convection and evaporation inside of a vehicle is significant. These physical processes play an important role within the organism inside the vehicle and in the vehicle itself, which is warming up. Heat shock occurs in an organism when body tissues are overheating 5°C. Letal body temperatures have been reported, if the body temperature increases over 40°C to over 42°C in humans, and from over 41°C to over 43,5°C in dogs respectively.