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Type of publication: Diploma Thesis
Type of document:

Year: 2012

Authors: Lazri, Tune

Title: Prävalenz von Endoparasiten, vor allem Giardien, bei Hunden im Kosovo - eine Pilotstudie.

Other title: Prevalence of endoparasites, especially Giardia, in dogs in the Kosovo - a pilot study

Source: Diplomarbeit, Vet. Med. Univ. Wien, pp. 33.


Advisor(s):

Joachim Anja

Reviewer(s):
Thalhammer Johann

Vetmed Research Units:
Institute of Parasitology


Graduation date: 17.04.13


Abstract:
Introduction : Currently no information is available regarding the dissemination of giardiasis in dogs in Kosovo.To examine the infection status of dogs of different age groups, 100 ca nine fecal samples were collected in Kosovo in June 2012 in three regions (Has, Anadrin and Gjakove city). Materials and Methods : In all animals fecal matter was collected. Using the flotation method, the samples were examined for the presence of Giardia and other intestinal parasites. Furthermore, the fecal samples were examined by means of the commercial SNAP® Giardia test. Results : The result of the commercial SNAP® Giardia test showed that 38% of the animals were Giardia-positive. 22(61,1 % ) of these positive dogs belonged to the age group of 1 -3 years (n=36 ), 12(28,6%) of those aged >3-6 years (n=42), and 4(18,2%) of the age group >6-12 years (n=22). Regionalized analysis of the results showed that 26(47,3%) of Giardia-positive dogs came from the region Has (n=55), 12(36,4%) from the Region Anadrin (n=33) and none from the city of Gjakove (n=12). The analysis of the flotation of fecal samples (n=100) showed that 13% were Giardia-positive. 17% were Ancylostoma-positive, 9% T. vulpis-positive, 4% Toxoxara canis-positive and 1 % Taeniidae spp.-positive. Discussion : The results of the study indicate that giardiasis is a significant problem and a potential zoonotic pathogen in Kosovo. Close monitoring and veterinary control is necessary. Good sanitation and waste management must be strongly recommended.


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