Mosquitoes of the family Culicidae are playing important roles in the transmission of
infectious diseases, especially zoonoses. In Austria they are vectors for Usutu virus
(USUV) and West Nile virus (WNV). Humans in urbane regions like the metropolitan
area of Vienna are under potential risk. To estimate this risk knowledge on Austrian
mosquitoes as well as on their vector competence is needed.
In this thesis distribution maps of the most important moboviruses (mosquitoborne
viruses) have been compiled from epidemics described in literature. The
applied part of this work includes the support of two mosquitoe traps arranged at the
campus oft the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna and the morphological
identification of the Culicidae catches. With these traps the first daily monitoring
programm in Austria was started.
Already in 2011 one trap was in use on trail basis. Alltogether in this season
526 female mosquitoes and 5 male mosquitoes of 5 diffrent genera have been
trapped. Most often caught species were Coquillettidia richiardii (263) and Culex
pipiens s. l. (174). In 2012 a total of 837 female Culicidae of 7 different genera were
caught in the put up traps. All in all we detect 15 different species. Like in the year
before Cq. richiardii (433) and Cx. pipiens s. l. (295) most frequently.