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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2005

Author(s): Deutz, A; Fuchs, K; Auer, H; Kerbl, U; Aspöck, H; Köfer, J

Title: Toxocara-infestations in Austria: a study on the risk of infection of farmers, slaughterhouse staff, hunters and veterinarians.

Source: Parasitol Res 97(5): 390-394.



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Deutz Armin
Köfer Josef


Abstract:
A total of 585 persons from several occupational groups (farmers, slaughterhouse staff, hunters, veterinarians) exposed to Toxocara infestations and 50 persons of a control group were tested for the presence of specific antibodies to the Toxocara canis antigen using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and a western blot. Farmers showed the highest seroprevalence (44%), followed by veterinarians (27%), slaughterhouse staff (25%) and hunters (17%), whereas only 2% of the individuals of the control group were seropositive. Thus, the risk to Toxocara infestation is 39, 18, 16 and 9 times higher for farmers, veterinarians, slaughterhouse staff (some workers were part-time farmers) and for hunters, respectively, when compared to the control group. The main source of infection in rural areas seems to be (roaming) farm cats and dogs that have not been dewormed. The results are discussed with a view to potential risk factors and preventive measures, in terms of veterinary and human medicine.

Keywords Pubmed: Abattoirs*
Agricultural Workers" Diseases/epidemiology*
Agricultural Workers" Diseases/parasitology
Animals
Antibodies, Helminth/blood*
Austria/epidemiology
Cat Diseases/epidemiology
Cat Diseases/parasitology
Cats
Dog Diseases/epidemiology
Dog Diseases/parasitology
Dogs
Humans
Occupational Diseases/epidemiology*
Occupational Diseases/parasitology
Occupational Exposure
Risk Factors
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Toxocara/immunology*
Toxocariasis/epidemiology*
Toxocariasis/parasitology
Veterinarians*


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