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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2007

Authors: Wittich, RM; Busse, HJ; Kämpfer, P; Tiirola, M; Wieser, M; Macedo, AJ; Abraham, WR

Title: Sphingobium aromaticiconvertens sp. nov., a xenobiotic-compound-degrading bacterium from polluted river sediment.

Source: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007; 57(Pt 2):306-310



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Busse Hans-Jürgen
Wieser Monika

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Microbiology


Abstract:
A bacterial strain capable of degrading some monochlorinated dibenzofurans, designated RW16T, was isolated from aerobic River Elbe sediments. The strain was characterized based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, DNA G+C content, physiological characteristics, polyamines, ubiquinone and polar lipid pattern and fatty acid composition. This analysis revealed that strain RW16T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobium. The DNA G+C content of strain RW16T, 60.7 mol%, is the lowest yet reported for the genus. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis placed strain RW16T as an outlier in the genus Sphingobium. The name Sphingobium aromaticiconvertens sp. nov. is proposed for this dibenzofuran-mineralizing organism, with type strain RW16T (=DSM 12677T=CIP 109198T).

Keywords Pubmed: Bacterial Typing Techniques
Base Composition
Benzofurans/metabolism*
Carbohydrate Metabolism
DNA, Bacterial/chemistry
DNA, Bacterial/genetics
DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry
DNA, Ribosomal/genetics
Fatty Acids/analysis
Fatty Acids/chemistry
Genes, rRNA
Geologic Sediments/microbiology*
Germany
Molecular Sequence Data
Phospholipids/analysis
Phospholipids/chemistry
Phylogeny
Polyamines/analysis
Quinones/analysis
Quinones/chemistry
RNA, Bacterial/genetics
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics
Rivers/microbiology*
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
Sphingomonadaceae/classification*
Sphingomonadaceae/isolation & purification*
Sphingomonadaceae/metabolism
Sphingomonadaceae/physiology
Water Pollution, Chemical


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