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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 1996

Authors: Walzer, C; Hittmair, K; Walzer-Wagner, C

Title: Ultrasonographic identification and characterization of splenic nodular lipomatosis or myelolipomas in cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus).

Source: Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound (37) 289-292.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Hittmair Katharina
Walzer Christian

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Small Animals, Clinical Unit of Diagnostic Imaging

A total of 44 live cheetahs were examined sonographically between 1989 and 1994, Seventeen of these animals originated from 4 European facilities, the other 27 cheetahs were examined in 3 facilities in Namibia, Evaluation of the cheetahs included a clinical examination, abdominal ultrasound, and complete blood work, Splenic myelolipomas were diagnosed sonographically in 11 cheetahs, In 7 cheetahs the diagnosis was confirmed at necropsy, Nine of the 14 cheetahs in Europe had myelolipomas in the spleen, while in the African cheetahs there were only 2 animals with myelolipomas, Histologically these lesions were characterized by fatty nodules, A more fitting term of Nodular Lipomatosis of the spleen is therefore suggested, Ail cheetahs with nodular lipomatosis of the spleen, had concurrent chronic diseases at necropsy. An indicator function of splenic nodular lipomatosis for chronic disease and/or stress is possible.

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