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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2001

Authors: Chizzola, R

Title: Micronutrient Composition of Papaver somniferum L. Grown under Low Cadmium Stress Condition.

Source: Journal of Plant Nutrition (24) 1663-1677.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Chizzola Remigius

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds

Project(s): Trace elements and heavy metals in selected medical, spice and dietetic eatable plants

Micronutrient uptake and distribution within poppy plants (Papaver somniferum L.) were studied in two pot experiments using a loamy garden soil as substrate. In the first experiment a supplement of increasing cadmium (Cd) concentrations to the substrate and in the second the influence of cultivars and harvest time were studied. At the stage of seed ripening the taproots were already decaying, and the Cd concentration in the shoot reflected the Cd supply in the substrate. In the shoot the highest Cd concentrations were found in seeds. With 24 mg Cd per pot (6 mg kg(-1)), Cd concentration reached 1.7 mg kg(-1). The four poppy varieties (Edel-Weiss, Marianne, Soma, White Poppy) differed clearly in seed production but reached comparable Cd concentrations of about 1.3 mg kg(-1) in the seeds at the second harvest. Seeds made up 2.5 to 12.9% of shoot biomass, but stored 15 to 42% of total Cd in the shoot, which indicates a preferential translocation of Cd into seeds in this plant species. In addition, Cd supply had a marginal effect on the concentration of micronutrients in seeds and stems + leaves. At the highest Cd supply of 6 mg Cd kg(-1) soil a growth reduction of about 25% could be observed.

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