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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2004

Authors: Mayrhofer, S; Paulsen, P; Smulders, FJ; Hilbert, F

Title: Antimicrobial resistance profile of five major food-borne pathogens isolated from beef, pork and poultry.

Source: Int J Food Microbiol. 2004; 97(1):23-29



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Hilbert Friederike
Paulsen Peter
Smulders Franciscus

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Food Safety, Food Technology and Veterinary Public Health, Unit of Food Hygiene and Technology


Abstract:
This study was performed to evaluate the resistance rate against antimicrobials of food isolates of the five major food-borne pathogens to compare these and to possibly distinguish a pattern. A total of 922 samples of the major meat species (pork, beef and poultry) were analysed for thermophilic Campylobacter, Salmonella, Yersinia enterocolitica, pathogenic Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes. Isolates were subjected to antimicrobial resistance testing by the disc diffusion method. Roughly the same overall rate of resistance was identified for thermophilic Campylobacter, Salmonella and pathogenic E. coli. Resistance to quinolones and tetracycline was determined most frequently. In contrast, food isolates of Y. enterocolitica and L. monocytogenes were rarely tested resistant. The significance of our findings is that resistance rates in enteric bacteria seem to be much higher than in pathogens found in a variety of environments, closely associated to the host environment.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology*
Campylobacter/drug effects
Cattle
Chickens
Colony Count, Microbial
Consumer Product Safety
Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
Escherichia coli/drug effects
Food Microbiology*
Listeria monocytogenes/drug effects
Meat/microbiology*
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Salmonella/drug effects
Swine
Turkeys
Yersinia enterocolitica/drug effects


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