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Selected Publication:

Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2000

Author(s): Girtler, D; Peham, C

Title: Influences of toe and heel elevation on the coffin and fetlock joint angles; kinematic investigation of horses on the treadmill at the walk.

Source: Wien Tierarztl Monatsschr (87), 8 247-252.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Girtler Dietrich
Peham Christian

Vetmed Research Units
University Equine Clinic, Clinical Unit of Equine Surgery


Abstract:
The minimum palmar angle of the coffin joint and the minimum dorsal angle of the fetlock joint of the fore limbs of ten horses were examined with a kinematic measuring method during the stance phase of the walk on a treadmill. The values were determined at treadmill incline of 11% without wedges and, with the treadmill at a horizontal level, both without wedges and with heelelevation wedges of +8 degrees and +16 degrees, respectively. The minimum angle of the coffin joint changed a total of 16 degrees with a statistically significant difference between each of the measurings during the stance phase (p < 0.01). The minimum angle of the fetlock joint during the stance phase changed a total of 4 degrees with a statistically significant difference between measurements at the incline without wedge and all the measurements at the horizontal level only (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between each of the measurements taken at horizontal level. There was no statistically validated change in the angle of the fetlock joint between measurings taken at horizontal level without wedges, with wedges of 8 degrees and of 16 degrees, respectively. The effect of elevating the heels was largely restricted to the coffin joint and had only slightly influenced the minimum dorsal angle of the fetlock joint.


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