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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2008

Author(s): Franz, S; Dadak, AM; Schöffmann, G; Coppens, P; Khol, JL; Baumgartner, W; Dupré, G

Title: Laparoscopic-assisted implantation of a urinary catheter in male sheep.

Source: J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2008; 232(12):1857-1862



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Baumgartner Walter
Coppens Paul
Dadak Agnes
Dupré Gilles
Franz Sonja
Khol Johannes
Schöffmann Gudrun

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Small Animals, Clinical Unit of Anaesthesiology and Perioperative Intensive-Care Medicine
University Clinic for Ruminants, Clinical Unit of Ruminant Medicine
University Clinic for Small Animals, Clinical Unit of Small Animal Surgery
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology


Abstract:
OBJECTIVE-To evaluate a laparoscopic technique for implantation of a urinary catheter in the right paramedian area in male sheep and to determine feasibility, benefits, and risks for this technique. DESIGN-Evaluation study. ANIMALS-6 Healthy male sheep (mean +/- SD body weight, 42.16 +/- 11.95 kg [92.75 +/- 26.29 lb]). PROCEDURES-Each sheep was anesthetized and positioned in dorsal recumbency. A 10-mm laparoscope was inserted in the right paramedian area between the xiphoid and preputial orifice. After creation of capnoperitoneum, grasping forceps were inserted in the left paramedian area at the level of the teats and used to immobilize the urinary bladder. A pigtail balloon catheter was implanted transcutaneously in the right paramedian area between the preputial orifice and teats and directed into the urinary bladder by use of laparoscopic guidance. The catheter was removed 10 days after implantation. Fourteen days after initial surgery, a second laparoscopy was performed to evaluate pathologic changes. RESULTS-Inadvertent insertion of the first trocar into the rumen of 1 sheep was the only intraoperative complication encountered. Laparoscopic-assisted implantation of the urinary catheter was successfully performed in all sheep. No postoperative complications were detected. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE-Laparoscopic-assisted implantation of a urinary catheter in the right paramedian area was successfully performed and may be a feasible method for use in sheep. This method can be considered as an alternative to tube cystotomy performed by laparotomy.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Cystoscopy/methods
Cystoscopy/veterinary
Laparoscopy/methods
Laparoscopy/veterinary*
Male
Postoperative Complications/epidemiology
Postoperative Complications/veterinary
Sheep/surgery*
Sheep Diseases/surgery
Treatment Outcome
Urinary Bladder Calculi/surgery
Urinary Bladder Calculi/veterinary
Urinary Catheterization/methods
Urinary Catheterization/veterinary*


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