To assess the current situation of organic pig farming in Austria 32 farms were visited twice between September 1998 and March 2000. Furthermore faeces, blood and skin scrapings were examined. At the first visit the average number of sows per farm was 26,3(median 20,5).
In 22 farms (69 %) the farrowing pens provided crates in 22 farms, in no farm the farrowing units had an outside area. Pregnant sows were always kept in group housing systems with solid floors. All of them provided access to an outside area with concrete floor. Hygiene-management was inadequate regarding visitors and incoming animals. Vaccination and the use of chemotherapeutics were less regular compared to conventional farms. In 27 herds (84,4 %) endoparasites were found. In piglets scouring was the most important pro-blem (11 farms, 34 %) and in sows actinomycosis (20 farms, 63 %) and MMA (14 farms, 44 %). Complementary medicine was used by 20 of 32 farmers (62,5 %), but only by 6 veterina-rians (19 %). According to production data of 13 farms 19,8 piglets per sow and year were weaned, despite a mean weaning age of 44,1 days.