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Selected Publication:

Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper
Presentation type: Presentation
Invited Speaker

Year: 2009

Author(s): Janura, M; Peham, C; Dvorakova, T; Elfmark, M

Title: An assessment of the pressure distribution exerted by a rider on the back of a horse during hippotherapy.

Source: 3rd European Workshop on Movement Science, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS, Netherlands, MAY 31-JUN 02, 2007. Hum Mov Sci. 2009; 28(3):387-393



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Peham Christian

Vetmed Research Units
University Equine Clinic, Clinical Unit of Equine Surgery


Abstract:
Hippotherapy employs locomotion impulses that are emitted from the back of a horse while the horse is walking. These impulses stimulate the rider"s postural reflex mechanisms, resulting in training of balance and coordination. The aim of the present study was to assess the changes in magnitude and distribution of the contact pressure between the rider and the horse during a series of hippotherapy lessons. The monitored group, consisting of four healthy women (mean age 22.75 years, mean body weight 59.75 kg, mean height 167.25 cm) without any previous horse riding experience, received five 20 minute-lessons lessons in a three-week period. Hippotherapy was given on a 15-year-old thoroughbred mare. An elastic pad (Novel Pliance System, 30 Hz, 224 sensors) was used for pressure magnitude evaluation. The maximum pressure value was increased (p<.05) in the event of a second measurement (5th lesson). The pressure exerted on the rider upon contact of the rear limbs was higher than upon contact of the front limbs (p<.01). The size of the center of pressure (COP) deviations in the anteroposterior direction reduced (p<.05) with the number of lessons received. With the growing experience of the participant, an increase in pressure occurred on contact of her body and the horse"s back as well as in the stability of the COP movement.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Exercise Movement Techniques/methods*
Exercise Therapy/methods*
Female
Gait/physiology
Horses/physiology*
Humans
Learning
Locomotion/physiology*
Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology
Posture/physiology*
Reference Values
Reflex/physiology
Young Adult


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