To date, many studies successfully demonstrate graduated morphologic, metabolic and molecular differences of embryos dependent on their time spent under multifaceted in vitro conditions compared to its in vivo counterparts. Although many in vitro techniques are now available promising to enhance reproductive performance, an advanced optimised procedure allowing higher subsequent embryo development is awaited. There is a plethora of complex factors acting in the life of oocytes and embryos during oviduct passage, which are not fully understood. The Fallopian tube still remains as environment, which is thought to be optimal for early embryonic nursing. The present paper aims at providing a brief introduction of aspects showing the use of the oviduct for embryo production in farm animals.