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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2009

Author(s): Geissen, M; Mella, H; Saalmüller, A; Eiden, M; Proft, J; Pfaff, E; Schätzl, HM; Groschup, MH

Title: Inhibition of prion amplification by expression of dominant inhibitory mutants--a systematic insertion mutagenesis study.

Source: Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2009; 9(1):40-47

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Saalmüller Armin

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Immunology

Until now it is still not clear which structural elements of the prion protein (PrP) are involved in its conversion process. Characterisation of these essential regions would help to understand the conversion process itself and might help to develop specific therapeutic approaches to inhibit PrP(res) formation by dominant inhibitory mutations. To address this important question 33 evenly spaced insertion mutants were generated spanning the entire sequence of the murine 3F4-tagged PrP. The mutants were expressed by retroviral transduction in three different scrapie infected cell lines (ScN2a; SMB[RC040]; SMB[22F]). The convertibility was affected not only by introducing the insertion in the putatively refolded region (aa100-170), but also in the C-terminus of PrP (up to aa214). Moreover, dominant inhibitory effects on conversion were observed for PrP-mutants at four distinguished regions (aa100-112; aa130-154; aa166-172, aa196-200). Computer based structural analysis revealed that these segments were organized in two structurally clearly separated regions supporting the idea that they could function as protein-protein interaction sites which are necessary during seed formation.

Keywords Pubmed: Amino Acid Sequence
Cell Line
Gene Expression Regulation*
Models, Molecular
Molecular Sequence Data
Mutagenesis, Insertional*
PrPSc Proteins/chemistry
PrPSc Proteins/genetics
PrPSc Proteins/metabolism*
Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs
Protein Isoforms
Protein Structure, Tertiary
Protein Transport

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