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Selected Publication:

Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2010

Author(s): Heuwieser, W; Iwersen, M; Gossellin, J; Drillich, M

Title: Short communication: survey of fresh cow management practices of dairy cattle on small and large commercial farms.

Source: J Dairy Sci. 2010; 93(3):1065-1068



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Drillich Marc
Iwersen Michael


Abstract:
The objective was to conduct a survey of current fresh cow management practices that have an effect on health and diseases postpartum considering different herd sizes of commercial dairy farms. A mail survey regarding aspects of the fresh cow program including general management issues, calving, diseases, and veterinary service was conducted utilizing a convenience sample. A total of 429 survey forms were returned (12.0% response rate) and could be used for final analysis. Only 21.6% of the farms had a designated fresh cow pen. Almost every farm executed some type of fresh cow examination. Only 18.5% of farm managers documented the observations. Most of the dairy managers used more or less subjective criteria such as general appearance (97.0%) and appetite (69.7%). Only a minority of the responding dairy managers monitored their fresh cows using objective (fever 33.6%) or semiquantitative measures (subclinical ketosis 2.8%; body condition score 36.4%). On most farms, the veterinarian visited the herd only if needed (72.6%). Most cases of retained fetal membranes were treated by manual removal (72.3%) and antibiotic pills (89.5%). Several challenges and opportunities were identified to improve cow management practices.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Cattle
Cattle Diseases/epidemiology
Dairying/methods*
Dairying/trends*
Female
Germany
Humans
Postpartum Period*
Questionnaires


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