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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2010

Authors: Kaufmann, TB; Drillich, M; Tenhagen, BA; Heuwieser, W

Title: Correlations between periparturient serum concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, bilirubin, and urea and the occurrence of clinical and subclinical postpartum bovine endometritis.

Source: BMC Vet Res. 2010; 6:47



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Drillich Marc

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Ruminants, Clinical Unit of Herd Management in ruminants


Abstract:
Postpartum endometritis in cattle is a multifactorial disease with high economic impact. Both, clinical endometritis (CE) and subclinical endometritis (SCE) result in decreased reproductive performance. Results from in vitro studies led to the implication that non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), beta-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA), bilirubin, and urea could be used as predictors for endometritis in veterinary practice. In this field study, we set out to establish optimal predictor cut points of these metabolic parameters for the detection of CE and SCE. Serum samples were collected one week prior to parturition (wk -1), in the first week postpartum (wk +1) and between 28 and 35 days postpartum (wk +5) from 209 Holstein-Friesian cows. At wk +5, all cows were examined for signs of CE and SCE.

Keywords Pubmed: 3-Hydroxybutyric Acid/blood*
Animals
Bilirubin/blood*
Cattle
Cattle Diseases/blood*
Cattle Diseases/epidemiology
Endometritis/blood
Endometritis/epidemiology
Endometritis/veterinary*
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood*
Female
Parity
Postpartum Period/blood
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Urea/blood*


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