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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2010

Authors: Schmalwieser, AW; Cabaj, A; Schauberger, G; Rohn, H; Maier, B; Maier, H

Title: Facial solar UV exposure of Austrian farmers during occupation.

Source: Photochem Photobiol. 2010; 86(6):1404-1413



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Cabaj Alexander
Maier Bernhard
Schauberger Günther
Schmalwieser Alois

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Physiology, Pathohysiology and Biophysics, Unit of Physiology and Biophysics


Abstract:
Optoelectronic personal UV-meters were used to monitor the occupational facial solar erythemally effective exposure of 12 Austrian full-time farmers with high temporal resolution. To ensure high quality measurements several quality assurance procedures were applied, like calibration with respect to solar elevation and total ozone column. From April to October the test persons carried the UV-meters on the forehead during working hours. A digital diary (activity, location, weather, photoprotective measures) was completed on an hourly basis. Our field test produced 1427 complete daily records (measurement and diary). The total exposures showed high variability (77-757 standard erythema dose [SED]) which correlates with the number of working days and even stronger with the little numbers of days with high exposure (>10 SED). Risk factors for high exposures were: mixed-culture farms with aggravated working conditions, low degree of automation of working processes, inadequate operating logistics (summarized as manual work outdoor), driving machines without cabins, and female gender. UV exposure of female farmers was approximately twice as high as that of men: Women received 15% of ambient radiation while men got 8%. Avoiding daily exposure >10 SED could reduce exposure down to 40% and the risk in developing skin cancer by a factor of 40.

Keywords Pubmed: Adult
Agriculture
Austria
Face/radiation effects*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Biological
Occupational Exposure*
Occupations
Radiometry
Risk Assessment
Seasons
Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects*


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