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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 1998

Author(s): Mirzaie, M; Meyer, T; Berger, D; Saalmüller, A; Dalichau, H

Title: Expression of porcine major histocompatibility antigens in cardiac tissue.

Source: APMIS (106), 10 935-940.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Saalmüller Armin

In this study we have used monoclonal antibodies directed against antigens of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and class II to reveal the detailed cellular distribution of swine lymphocyte alloantigens (SLA) in cardiac tissue. By applying a sensitive immunophosphatase staining reaction we detected the ubiquitous expression of SLA class I and class II on the vascular endothelium. Endothelial cells of capillaries and blood vessels were intensely stained structures in the examined swine hearts. Similar staining patterns were observed in control experiments with anti-von Willebrand factor serum and Dolichus biflorus lectin used as immunohistochemical markers for endothelial cells. The luminal layer of studied pulmonary valves exhibited a strong staining reaction with anti-SLA class I and class II antibodies. In contrast, normal cardiac myocytes failed to express immunodetectable amounts of either of the SLA determinants. Intercalated discs in porcine heart tissue did not react with either anti-SLA class I or class II antibodies. Our data showing the abundant expression of SLA molecules on endothelial cells in normal swine heart may have physiological implications in cell-mediated rejection occurring in xenotransplanted hearts.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals - : Histocompatibility Antigens Class I - biosynthesis : Histocompatibility Antigens Class II - biosynthesis : Immunohistochemistry - biosynthesis : Myocardium - chemistry : Swine - chemistry

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