Thirty two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) from the first round of analysis in the Second International Swine CD Workshop were placed together with additional mAb derived from the first workshop in the null cell panel for further evaluation. Preparations of peripheral blood leukocytes, concanavalin A stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and spleen cells were used in flow cytometric analyses. Nineteen mAbs identified molecules that were not expressed on null cells, not lineage specific, or recognized activation molecules. Sixteen mAbs including control mAbs were identified that were specific for null cells. One of the latter mAbs, 041 (PGBL22A), that recognizes a determinant on a constant region of porcine gamma delta TcR established the majority of null cells are gamma delta T cells. Use of this mAb in further comparisons demonstrated the gamma delta T cell population is comprised of two major subpopulations, one negative and one positive for CD2. Two color analyses demonstrated that 11 of the mAbs formed a broad cluster that included control mAbs 188 (MAC320) that defined the CD2 negative SWC6 cluster in the first workshop and mAb 122 (CC101) that might recognize an orthologue of bovine WC1 and nine mAbs that recognize determinants on one or more molecules with overlapping patterns of expression on subsets of CD2(-) gamma delta T cells. Two groups of mAbs formed the previously identified subset clusters SWC4 and SWC5. Two new mAbs formed a third subcluster. Three mAbs did not form clusters. Three mAbs predicted to recognize TcR in the first workshop (020 [PT14A], 021 [PT79A], and 022 [MUC127A]) and mAb PGBL22A were shown to immunoprecipitate a 37, 40 kDa bet erodimer. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.