γδ T cells are a remarkably prominent T-cell subset in swine with a high prevalence in blood. Phenotypic analyses in this study showed that CD2(-) γδ T cells in their vast majority had a CD8α(-)SLA-DR(-)CD27(+) phenotype. CD2(+) γδ T cells dominated in spleen and lymph nodes and had a more heterogeneous phenotype. CD8α(+)SLA-DR(-)CD27(+) γδ T cells prevailed in blood, spleen and lymph nodes whereas in liver a CD8α(+)SLA-DR(+)CD27(-) phenotype dominated, indicating an enrichment of terminally differentiated γδ T cells. γδ T cells were also investigated for their potential to produce IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-17A. Within CD2(+) γδ T cells, IFN-γ and TNF-α single-producers as well as IFN-γ/TNF-α double-producers dominated, which had a CD8α(+)CD27(+/-) phenotype. IL-17A-producing γδ T cells were only found within CD2(-) γδ T cells, mostly co-produced TNF-α and had a rare CD8α(+)CD27(-) phenotype. However, quantitatively TNF-α single-producers strongly dominated within CD2(-) γδ T cells. In summary, our data identify CD2 and CD8α as important molecules correlating with functional differentiation.
Animals Antigens, CD2/metabolism* Antigens, CD8/metabolism* Cells, Cultured Cytokines/metabolism* Liver/cytology Lymph Nodes/cytology Organ Specificity Spleen/cytology Sus scrofa/anatomy & histology Sus scrofa/metabolism* T-Lymphocytes/metabolism* Thymus Gland/cytology