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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2003

Authors: Sturaro, G; Camuffo, D; Brimblecombe, P; Van Grieken, R; Busse, HJ; Bernardi, A; Valentino, A; Blades, N; Gysels, K; Deutsch, F; Wieser, M; Buczolitz, S

Title: Multidisciplinary environmental monitoring at the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Source: Journal of Trace and Microprobe Techniques (21) 273-294.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Busse Hans-Jürgen
Wieser Monika

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Microbiology

Project(s): Experimental decay of wall paintings by microorganisms ¿ proof of principle and strategies of prevention

Two multidisciplinary field surveys, one in winter and the other in summer, have monitored the indoor microclimate, the air pollution, the deposition and origin of the suspended particulate matter and the microorganisms of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. These surveys were part of a European project aimed at identifying potential environmental risks for conservation in museums. Experimental methodologies were refined within this study. The project underscores pros and cons of the heating ventilating and air conditioning system, proposing a more effective filtration, since the system seemed to worsen indoor pollution. The impact of mass tourism during a special exhibition was investigated, showing that even a good ventilation is unable to deal with the heat and moisture released by huge crowds. The sources of gaseous and particulate pollution were discussed. Microbiological investigations identified a considerable load of bacteria. The cleaning of paintings by brush is-shown to resuspend a considerable amount of particles, which are free to deposit again on the paintings.

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