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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2015

Author(s): Pinior, B; Brugger, K; Köfer, J; Schwermer, H; Stockreiter, S; Loitsch, A; Rubel, F

Title: Economic comparison of the monitoring programmes for bluetongue vectors in Austria and Switzerland.

Source: Vet Rec. 2015; 176(18):464



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Brugger Katharina
Köfer Josef
Pinior Beate
Rubel Franz

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Food Safety, Food Technology and Veterinary Public Health, Unit of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology


Abstract:
With the bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) outbreak in 2006, vector monitoring programmes (according to EU regulation 1266/2007) were implemented by European countries to obtain information on the spatial distribution of vectors and the vector-free period. This study investigates the vector monitoring programmes in Austria and Switzerland by performing a retrospective cost analysis for the period 2006-2010. Two types of costs were distinguished: costs financed directly via the national bluetongue programmes and costs contributed in-kind by the responsible institutions and agricultural holdings. The total net costs of the monitoring programme in Austria amounted to €1,415,000, whereby in Switzerland the costs were valued at €94,000. Both countries followed the legislation complying with requirements, but differed in regard to sampling frequency, number of trap sites and sampling strategy. Furthermore, the surface area of Austria is twice the area of Switzerland although the number of ruminants is almost the same in both countries. Thus, for comparison, the costs were normalised with regard to the sampling frequency and the number of trap sites. Resulting costs per trap sample comprised €164 for Austria and €48 for Switzerland. In both countries, around 50 per cent of the total costs can be attributed to payments in-kind. The benefit of this study is twofold: first, veterinary authorities may use the results to improve the economic efficiency of future vector monitoring programmes. Second, the analysis of the payment in-kind contribution is of great importance to public authorities as it makes the available resources visible and demonstrates how they have been used.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Austria
Bluetongue/economics
Bluetongue/prevention & control*
Cattle
Cattle Diseases/economics
Cattle Diseases/prevention & control
Costs and Cost Analysis*
Disease Vectors*
Goat Diseases/economics
Goat Diseases/prevention & control
Goats
Population Surveillance
Program Evaluation*
Retrospective Studies
Sheep
Switzerland


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