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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2015

Author(s): Metges, CC; Görs, S; Martens, K; Krueger, R; Metzler-Zebeli, BU; Nebendahl, C; Otten, W; Kanitz, E; Zeyner, A; Hammon, HM; Pfuhl, R; Nürnberg, G

Title: Body composition and plasma lipid and stress hormone levels during 3 weeks of feed restriction and refeeding in low birth weight female pigs.

Source: J Anim Sci. 2015; 93(3):999-1014



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Metzler-Zebeli Barbara


Abstract:
Compensatory growth in response to feed restriction (FR) affects deposition rates of lean and adipose tissues. It is, however, unclear whether pigs with low birth weight differ from their counterparts with normal birth weight with regard to compensatory growth. Female littermate pigs with low (UW; 1.1 kg) and normal (NW; 1.5 kg) birth weight were fed to appetite (control, CON) or feed restricted (RES) at 60% of DMI of the CON group between 78 and 98 d of age and subsequently refed at the level of the CON group until 131 d of age. Subgroups of pigs were slaughtered at 75, 98, 104, and 131 d of age to compare BW and body composition. Blood samples were taken at 98 and 119 d of age to analyze plasma metabolites and hormones. At birth UW pigs were shorter and had lower BW until 131 d of age than NW pigs ( < 0.05). Feed intake per kilogram of BW was greater in UW than in NW pigs ( < 0.01). The UW and NW pigs differed in carcass composition as indicated by greater relative subcutaneous fat at 75 d ( < 0.1), greater shoulder back fat ( < 0.05) at 98 d, and lower carcass weight at 131 d with greater abdominal and subcutaneous neck back fat in UW compared with NW pigs ( < 0.05). During FR, BW gain of RES pigs was lower than in NW pigs. The RES pigs showed greater feed intake after termination of FR until 131 d than CON pigs ( < 0.01). At 98 d RES pigs were leaner than CON pigs ( < 0.05). After 6 d of refeeding (104 d) relative fat depot weights were still smaller ( < 0.03) in RES pigs than in CON pigs. After 5 wk of refeeding, RES pigs had lower abdominal fat weights and greater plasma cortisol levels than CON pigs ( < 0.05). Regarding the plasma metabolite and hormone response, at 98-d fasting levels of plasma NEFA and glycerol were greater in RES than in CON pigs ( < 0.05), and after the drop in their levels after morning feeding ( < 0.001), plasma NEFA and glycerol and also triacylglycerol increased until the next meal in RES vs. CON pigs ( < 0.01). Plasma cortisol was greater in RES pigs after 3-wk FR ( < 0.05), whereas only a trend for increased plasma adrenalin concentrations in RES pigs at the end of the FR period and after 5 wk of refeeding was found ( < 0.1). In conclusion, UW pigs at 75 d of age (20 to 23 kg BW) had greater subcutaneous fat, whereas at 131 d (61 to 68 kg BW) they showed greater abdominal fat than NW pigs, suggesting that subcutaneous fat is deposited earlier than abdominal fat. The FR caused similar changes in body composition, plasma lipids, and stress hormones in UW and NW pigs.

Keywords Pubmed: Adipose Tissue
Animals
Birth Weight*
Body Composition/physiology*
Female
Food Deprivation/physiology*
Glycerol
Hormones/blood*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Lipids/blood*
Stress, Physiological
Swine/physiology*


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