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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 1996

Author(s): Massip, A; Mermillod, P; Vanlangendonckt, A; Reichenbach, HD; Lonergan, P; Berg, U; Carlan, C; Deroover, R; Brem, G

Title: Calving Outcome Following Transfer Of Embryos Produced In Vitro In Different Conditions.

Source: Anim Reprod Sci. 1996; 44(1): 1-10.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Brem Gottfried

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics

A survey of calving outcome from embryos produced in vitro by three laboratories under different culture conditions is presented. A total of 572 embryos were transferred after culture and 170 calves were born: 9 calves from 47 (19%) embryos produced in coculture with bovine oviduct cells (BOCC) or medium conditioned by these cells (BOCM+); 5 from 16 (31%) embryos produced in serum free oviduct conditioned medium (BOCMS-); 8 from 24 (33%) embryos derived from BRL conditioned medium (BRLCM-); 0 from 9 embryos cultured in SOF (20% O-2); 132 from 427 (31%) cocultured with granulosa cells (GCC); 16 from 49 (33%) embryos cultured in SOF (5% O-2). Frozen embryos (n = 120) were transferred soon after thawing and 25 calves were obtained: ii from 59 (19%) embryos in the first condition (BOCC); 6 from 19 (32%) in the second condition (BOCMS+); 6 from 34 (18%) in the third (BOCMS-) and 2 from 8 (25%) in the fourth condition (BRLCMS-). Gestation length and birth weight were in the normal range except for 5 calves that were exceptionally large. Sex ratio was in favour of males. Neo and perinatal mortality ranged from O to 19%. Three cases of malformations were observed, Growth rate was normal.

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