Type of publication:
Type of document:
Bakonyi, T; Gajdon, GK; Schwing, R; Vogl, W; Häbich, AC; Thaller, D; Weissenböck, H; Rudolf, I; Hubálek, Z; Nowotny, N
Chronic West Nile virus infection in kea (Nestor notabilis).
Vet Microbiol. 2016; 183:135-139
Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:
Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Small Animals, Clinical Unit of Internal Medicine Small Animals
Messerli Research Institute, Comparative Cognition
Institute of Pathology
Institute of Virology
Konrad Lorenz Institute of Ethology, Unit of Ornithology
Biology and control of vector-borne infections in europe
EuroWestNile-European West Nile collaborative research project
Six kea (Nestor notabilis) in human care, naturally infected with West Nile virus (WNV) lineage 2 in Vienna, Austria, in 2008, developed mild to fatal neurological signs. WNV RNA persisted and the virus evolved in the birds' brains, as demonstrated by (phylo)genetic analyses of the complete viral genomes detected in kea euthanized between 2009 and 2014. WNV antibodies persisted in the birds, too. Chronic WNV infection in the brain might contribute to the circulation of the virus through oral transmission to predatory birds. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Animals Animals, Zoo Austria Bird Diseasespathologyvirology Brainpathologyvirology Chronic Disease Disease Outbreaks Female Genome, Viralgenetics Male Parrotsvirology Phylogeny West Nile Feverpathologyveterinaryvirology West Nile virusclassificationisolation & purificationphysiology