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Selected Publication:

Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2016

Author(s): Lambacher, B; Wittek, T; Joachim, A; Dadak, A; Stanitznig, A; Hinney, B; Tichy, A; Duscher, G; Franz, S

Title: From the New World to the Old World: endoparasites of South American Camelids in Austria.

Other title: Von der Neuen Welt in die Alte Welt: Endoparasiten bei Neuweltkamelen in Österreich

Source: Wien Tierarztl Monat. 2016; 103(1-2): 33-42.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Dadak Agnes
Duscher Georg
Franz Sonja
Hinney Barbara
Joachim Anja
Lambacher Bianca
Stanitznig Anna
Tichy Alexander
Wittek Thomas

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Ruminants, Clinical Unit of Ruminant Medicine
Institute of Parasitology
Platform Bioinformatics and Biostatistics
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Unit of Clinical Pharmacology


Abstract:
South American camelids (SACs) are receiving increasing interest in Europe. One of the main health problems in SAC management worldwide is the control of endoparasites that may cause economic losses or even overt disease. To estimate the prevalence and distribution of endoparasites of SACs kept in Austria for future recommendations for parasite control measures, a nationwide survey was conducted. Faecal samples from 469 clinically healthy SACs in all federal states were examined. The most frequently detected endoparasites were GIS (82.8% of the samples), followed by Eimeria (77.2%). Although the comparison of southern, northern, western and eastern regions of Austria did not show statistically significant differences in distribution of parasites, E. macusaniensis clustered in the south and Nematodirus spp. and Capillaria spp. in the north, while D. dendriticum was much more prevalent in the south and west. Lung worms, tapeworms and the large liver fluke appear prevalence in ruminants in Austria. While coccidia of the genus Eimeria are strictly host-specific, nematodes of various genera as well as small liver flukes are probably cross-transmitted from ruminants and may cause considerable health problems and productivity losses.


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