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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2016

Author(s): Brugger, K; Köfer, J; Rubel, F

Title: Outdoor and indoor monitoring of livestock-associated Culicoides spp. to assess vector-free periods and disease risks.

Source: BMC Vet Res. 2016; 12(1):88



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Brugger Katharina
Köfer Josef
Rubel Franz

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Food Safety, Food Technology and Veterinary Public Health, Unit of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology


Abstract:
Within the last few decades Culicoides spp. (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) emerged Europe-wide as a major vector for epizootic viral diseases e.g. caused by Bluetongue (BT) or Schmallenberg virus. In accordance with the EU regulation 1266/2007, veterinary authorities are requested to determine vector-free periods for loosing trade and movement restrictions of susceptible livestock. Additionally, the widely used basic reproduction number [Formula: see text] is optionally applied for risk assessment of vector-borne diseases. Values of [Formula: see text] indicate periods with no disease transmission risk. For the determination of vector-free period and [Formula: see text] a continuously operating daily Culicoides spp. monitoring in Vienna (Austria) was established. It covered the period 2009-2013 and depicts the seasonal vector abundance indoor and outdoor. Future BT and African horse sickness (AHS) outbreak risks were estimated by projecting [Formula: see text] to climate change scenarios. Therefore, temperature-dependent vector parameters were applied.


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