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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2016

Author(s): Gress, V; Wolfesberger, B; Fuchs-Baumgartinger, A; Nedorost, N; Saalmüller, A; Schwendenwein, I; Rütgen, BC; Hammer, SE

Title: Characterization of the T-cell receptor gamma chain gene rearrangements as an adjunct tool in the diagnosis of T-cell lymphomas in the gastrointestinal tract of cats.

Source: Res Vet Sci. 2016; 107:261-266

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Fuchs-Baumgartinger Andrea
Greß Verena
Hammer Sabina
Nedorost Nora
Rütgen Barbara
Saalmüller Armin
Schwendenwein Ilse
Wolfesberger Birgitt

Vetmed Research Units
Clinical Pathology Platform
University Clinic for Small Animals, Clinical Unit of Internal Medicine Small Animals
Institute of Immunology
Institute of Pathology

Feline alimentary lymphoma is the most common hematopoietic neoplasia in cats. It affects mainly the small intestines and is most frequently of T-cell origin. Evaluation of a fine needle aspirate is often the first step in the diagnostic work-up. Differentiation between a resident mature lymphocyte population as encountered in inflammatory bowel disease and small cell lymphoma cannot be achieved by cytology alone. Even full thickness biopsies evaluated by histopathology can be inconclusive. These cases warrant the application of complementary tools like PCR-based T-cell receptor (TCR) clonality testing for confirmation. The aim of this study was to optimize the DNA extraction protocol for formalin fixed and paraffin embedded tissues (FFPE) and to establish a heteroduplex analysis to enhance resolution of the PCR fragments of the T-cell receptor gamma (TCRG) V-J gene. The new protocols resulted in improved quantity and quality of the extracted DNA. Heteroduplex analysis of the samples improved the resolution of the electrophoresis results so that rules for interpretation of the different patterns could be established. Application of this improved setup detected clonal rearrangements in at least one TCRG primer reaction in 31 of 36 of our feline intestinal lymphoma samples after DNA quality testing.

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