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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2014

Authors: Auersperg, AM; von Bayern, AM; Weber, S; Szabadvari, A; Bugnyar, T; Kacelnik, A

Title: Social transmission of tool use and tool manufacture in Goffin cockatoos (Cacatua goffini).

Source: Proc Biol Sci. 2014; 281(1793):

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Auersperg Alice Isabel Marie

Tool use can be inherited, or acquired as an individual innovation or by social transmission. Having previously reported individual innovative tool use and manufacture by a Goffin cockatoo, we used the innovator (Figaro, a male) as a demonstrator to investigate social transmission. Twelve Goffins saw either demonstrations by Figaro, or "ghost" controls where tools and/or food were manipulated using magnets. Subjects observing demonstrations showed greater tool-related performance than ghost controls, with all three males in this group (but not the three females) acquiring tool-using competence. Two of these three males further acquired tool-manufacturing competence. As the actions of successful observers differed from those of the demonstrator, result emulation rather than high-fidelity imitation is the most plausible transmission mechanism.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Social Behavior*
Tool Use Behavior*

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