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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2017

Authors: Dorn, MJ; Bockstahler, BA; Dupré, GP

Title: Influence of body weight and body conformation on the pressure-volume curve during capnoperitoneum in dogs.

Source: Am J Vet Res. 2017; 78(5):631-637

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Bockstahler Barbara
Dorn Melissa
Dupré Gilles

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Small Animals, Clinical Unit of Small Animal Surgery

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the pressure-volume relationship during capnoperitoneum in dogs and effects of body weight and body conformation. ANIMALS 86 dogs scheduled for routine laparoscopy. PROCEDURES Dogs were allocated into 3 groups on the basis of body weight. Body measurements, body condition score, and body conformation indices were calculated. Carbon dioxide was insufflated into the abdomen with a syringe, and pressure was measured at the laparoscopic cannula. Volume and pressure data were processed, and the yield point, defined by use of a cutoff volume (COV) and cutoff pressure (COP), was calculated. RESULTS 20 dogs were excluded because of recording errors, air leakage attributable to surgical flaws, or trocar defects. For the remaining 66 dogs, the pressure-volume curve was linear-like until the yield point was reached, and then it became visibly exponential. Mean ± SD COP was 5.99 ± 0.805 mm Hg. No correlation was detected between yield point, body variables, or body weight. Mean COV was 1,196.2 ± 697.9 mL (65.15 ± 20.83 mL of CO2/kg), and COV was correlated significantly with body weight and one of the body condition indices but not with other variables. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE In this study, there was a similar COP for all dogs of all sizes. In addition, results suggested that increasing the abdominal pressure after the yield point was reached did not contribute to a substantial increase in working space in the abdomen. No correlation was found between yield point, body variables, and body weight.

Keywords Pubmed: Abdominal Cavity
Body Constitution
Body Weight
Carbon Dioxideadministration & dosage
Prospective Studies

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