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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2018

Authors: Gebhard, C; Miller, I; Hummel, K; Neschi Née Ondrovics, M; Schlosser, S; Walter, I

Title: Comparative proteome analysis of monolayer and spheroid culture of canine osteosarcoma cells.

Source: J Proteomics. 2018; 177:124-136



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Hummel Karin
Miller Ingrid
Ondrovics Martina
Schlosser Sarah
Walter Ingrid

Vetmed Research Units
Institute for Medical Biochemistry
Institute of Pathology
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
VetCore


Project(s): Molecular biomarkers of canine and feline primary osteosarcoma


Abstract:
Osteosarcoma is an aggressive bone tumor with high metastasis rate in the lungs and affects both humans and dogs in a similar way. Three-dimensional tumor cell cultures mimic the in vivo situation of micro-tumors and metastases and are therefore better experimental in vitro models than the often applied two-dimensional monolayer cultures. The aim of the present study was to perform comparative proteomics of standard monolayer cultures of canine osteosarcoma cells (D17) and three-dimensional spheroid cultures, to better characterize the 3D model before starting with experiments like migration assays. Using DIGE in combination with MALDI-TOF/TOF we found 27 unique canine proteins differently represented between these two culture systems, most of them being part of a functional network including mainly chaperones, structural proteins, stress-related proteins, proteins of the glycolysis/gluconeogenesis pathway and oxidoreductases. In monolayer cells, a noticeable shift to more acidic pI values was noticed for several proteins of medium to high abundance; two proteins (protein disulfide isomerase A3, stress-induced-phosphoprotein 1) showed an increase of phosphorylated protein species. Protein distribution within the cells, as detected by immunohistochemistry, displayed a switch of stress-induced-phosphoprotein 1 from the cytoplasm (in monolayer cultures) to the nucleus (in spheroid cultures). Additionally, Western blot testing revealed upregulated concentrations of metastasin (S100A4), triosephosphate isomerase 1 and septin 2 in spheroid cultures, in contrast to decreased concentrations of CCT2, a subunit of the T-complex. Results indicate regulation of stress proteins in the process of three-dimensional organization characterized by a hypoxic and nutrient-deficient environment comparable to tumor micro-metastases.Osteosarcoma is an aggressive bone tumor that early spreads to the lungs. Three-dimensional tumor cell cultures represent the avascular stage of micro-tumors and metastases, and should therefore represent a better experimental in vitro model compared to two-dimensional monolayer cultures. Significant differences have been reported in response to drug and radiation treatment between these two culture systems. A gel-based proteomic investigation was performed to compare protein patterns of a canine osteosarcoma cell line cultivated under those two conditions, to learn more about altered cell composition and its impact on cell behaviour. Due to the fact that the canine osteosarcoma is an accepted model for the human disease, results will be relevant for the human species as well.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Cell Culture Techniquesmethods
Cell Line, Tumor
Chaperonin Containing TCP-1metabolism
Dogs
Humans
Osteosarcomapathology
Proteomeanalysis
S100 Calcium-Binding Protein A4metabolism
Spheroids, Cellularchemistrycytology

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