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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2018

Authors: Chizzola, R; Lohwasser, U; Franz, C

Title: Biodiversity within Melissa officinalis: Variability of Bioactive Compounds in a Cultivated Collection.

Source: Molecules. 2018; 23(2):



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Chizzola Remigius
Franz Chlodwig

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds


Project(s): PLANT food supplements: Levels of Intake, Benefit and Risk Assessment


Abstract:
Phytochemical characters were evaluated in a five-year-old lemon balm collection consisting of 15 and 13 subspecies officinalis and altissima accessions, respectively. Stems were lower in essential oil than leaves. First cut leaves (June) gave more oil than those of the second cut (August). Subspecies officinalis plants had leaf oils rich in geranial, neral and citronellal in various proportions in the first cut. However, in the second cut the oils from all accessions appeared very similar with 80-90% geranial plus neral. Leaf oils of subsp. altissima contained sesquiterpenes (β-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, germacrene D) and also further monoterpenes in the second cut. Leaves had higher rosmarinic acid (RA) contents than stems. More RA was in subsp. officinalis than subsp. altissima leaves. First cut leaves were richer in RA than those from second cut. Total phenolics and antioxidant parameters showed that lemon balm is a valuable source of plant antioxidants.


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