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Selected Publication:

Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Report

Year: 2018

Authors: Gaunitz, C; Fages, A; Hanghøj, K; Albrechtsen, A; Khan, N; Schubert, M; Seguin-Orlando, A; Owens, IJ; Felkel, S; Bignon-Lau, O; de Barros Damgaard, P; Mittnik, A; Mohaseb, AF; Davoudi, H; Alquraishi, S; Alfarhan, AH; Al-Rasheid, KAS; Crubézy, E; Benecke, N; Olsen, S; Brown, D; Anthony, D; Massy, K; Pitulko, V; Kasparov, A; Brem, G; Hofreiter, M; Mukhtarova, G; Baimukhanov, N; Lõugas, L; Onar, V; Stockhammer, PW; Krause, J; Boldgiv, B; Undrakhbold, S; Erdenebaatar, D; Lepetz, S; Mashkour, M; Ludwig, A; Wallner, B; Merz, V; Merz, I; Zaibert, V; Willerslev, E; Librado, P; Outram, AK; Orlando, L

Title: Ancient genomes revisit the ancestry of domestic and Przewalski"s horses.

Source: Science. 2018; 360(6384):111-114

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Brem Gottfried
Felkel Sabine
Wallner Barbara

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Unit of Molecular Genetics
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Unit of Reproductive Biology

The Eneolithic Botai culture of the Central Asian steppes provides the earliest archaeological evidence for horse husbandry, ~5500 years ago, but the exact nature of early horse domestication remains controversial. We generated 42 ancient-horse genomes, including 20 from Botai. Compared to 46 published ancient- and modern-horse genomes, our data indicate that Przewalski's horses are the feral descendants of horses herded at Botai and not truly wild horses. All domestic horses dated from ~4000 years ago to present only show ~2.7% of Botai-related ancestry. This indicates that a massive genomic turnover underpins the expansion of the horse stock that gave rise to modern domesticates, which coincides with large-scale human population expansions during the Early Bronze Age.Copyright © 2018 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
DNA, Ancient
Horsesanatomy & histologyclassificationgenetics

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