Type of publication:
Type of document:
Gaunitz, C; Fages, A; Hanghøj, K; Albrechtsen, A; Khan, N; Schubert, M; Seguin-Orlando, A; Owens, IJ; Felkel, S; Bignon-Lau, O; de Barros Damgaard, P; Mittnik, A; Mohaseb, AF; Davoudi, H; Alquraishi, S; Alfarhan, AH; Al-Rasheid, KAS; Crubézy, E; Benecke, N; Olsen, S; Brown, D; Anthony, D; Massy, K; Pitulko, V; Kasparov, A; Brem, G; Hofreiter, M; Mukhtarova, G; Baimukhanov, N; Lõugas, L; Onar, V; Stockhammer, PW; Krause, J; Boldgiv, B; Undrakhbold, S; Erdenebaatar, D; Lepetz, S; Mashkour, M; Ludwig, A; Wallner, B; Merz, V; Merz, I; Zaibert, V; Willerslev, E; Librado, P; Outram, AK; Orlando, L
Ancient genomes revisit the ancestry of domestic and Przewalski"s horses.
Science. 2018; 360(6384):111-114
Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:
Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Unit of Molecular Genetics
Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Unit of Reproductive Biology
- The Eneolithic Botai culture of the Central Asian steppes provides the earliest archaeological evidence for horse husbandry, ~5500 years ago, but the exact nature of early horse domestication remains controversial. We generated 42 ancient-horse genomes, including 20 from Botai. Compared to 46 published ancient- and modern-horse genomes, our data indicate that Przewalski's horses are the feral descendants of horses herded at Botai and not truly wild horses. All domestic horses dated from ~4000 years ago to present only show ~2.7% of Botai-related ancestry. This indicates that a massive genomic turnover underpins the expansion of the horse stock that gave rise to modern domesticates, which coincides with large-scale human population expansions during the Early Bronze Age.Copyright © 2018 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.
Horsesanatomy & histologyclassificationgenetics