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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2018

Author(s): Cuéllar, AC; Jung Kjær, L; Baum, A; Stockmarr, A; Skovgard, H; Nielsen, SA; Andersson, MG; Lindström, A; Chirico, J; Lühken, R; Steinke, S; Kiel, E; Gethmann, J; Conraths, FJ; Larska, M; Smreczak, M; Orłowska, A; Hamnes, I; Sviland, S; Hopp, P; Brugger, K; Rubel, F; Balenghien, T; Garros, C; Rakotoarivony, I; Allène, X; Lhoir, J; Chavernac, D; Delécolle, JC; Mathieu, B; Delécolle, D; Setier-Rio, ML; Venail, R; Scheid, B; Chueca, MÁM; Barceló, C; Lucientes, J; Estrada, R; Mathis, A; Tack, W; Bødker, R

Title: Monthly variation in the probability of presence of adult Culicoides populations in nine European countries and the implications for targeted surveillance.

Source: Parasit Vectors. 2018; 11(1):608



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Brugger Katharina
Rubel Franz

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Food Safety, Food Technology and Veterinary Public Health, Unit of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology


Abstract:
Biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are small hematophagous insects responsible for the transmission of bluetongue virus, Schmallenberg virus and African horse sickness virus to wild and domestic ruminants and equids. Outbreaks of these viruses have caused economic damage within the European Union. The spatio-temporal distribution of biting midges is a key factor in identifying areas with the potential for disease spread. The aim of this study was to identify and map areas of neglectable adult activity for each month in an average year. Average monthly risk maps can be used as a tool when allocating resources for surveillance and control programs within Europe.


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