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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2019

Authors: Sarnataro, C; Petri, RM; Spanghero, M; Zebeli, Q; Klevenhusen, F

Title: A nutritional and rumen ecological evaluation of the biorefinery by-product alfalfa silage cake supplemented with Scrophularia striata extract using the rumen simulation technique.

Source: J Sci Food Agric. 2019; 99(9):4414-4422



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Klevenhusen Fenja
Petri Renee
Zebeli Qendrim

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds


Project(s): BioFer


Abstract:
By-products of the food production chain are gaining importance as feedstuffs for ruminants. Alfalfa silage cake (AC) is an unexploited biorefinery by-product rich in fiber. The aim of this study was to test AC, using an in vitro rumen simulation technique (Rusitec), for its suitability as a fiber source for cattle. Three diets with similar crude protein (CP) content were formulated; they contained the biorefinery by-product AC, the original alfalfa silage (OA), or a fiber-rich hay. As fibrous feedstuffs are known to promote ruminal methanogenesis, we additionally tested a plant extract of Scrophularia striata (60 mg g-1 dry matter) for its methane mitigation and antimicrobial properties.Diets containing AC displayed lower nutrient degradability, with the largest difference in CP degradation (P < 0.001). Sequencing of microbial DNA revealed several effects of the diet and of the addition of S. striata extract, but no inhibitory effect on methanogens. Likewise, methane production, which, in general, is lower with AC and OA diets, was not inhibited by S. striata extract, while the short chain fatty acid (SCFA) profiles were unaffected.Although CP degradation of the AC diet was lower, degradation of the fiber fractions was similar among diets. According to the present results, AC can be used as fibrous feedstuff for ruminants. Supplementation with S. striata extract did not inhibit methane formation. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.© 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

Keywords Pubmed: Animal Feedanalysis
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Cattlemetabolism
Dietary Supplementsanalysis
Fatty Acids, Volatilemetabolism
Medicago sativachemistrymetabolism
Methanemetabolism
Nutritive Value
Plant Extractsanalysismetabolism
Rumenmetabolism
Scrophulariachemistrymetabolism
Silageanalysis
Waste Productsanalysis

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