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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2019

Authors: Fereidouni, S; Freimanis, GL; Orynbayev, M; Ribeca, P; Flannery, J; King, DP; Zuther, S; Beer, M; Höper, D; Kydyrmanov, A; Karamendin, K; Kock, R

Title: Mass Die-Off of Saiga Antelopes, Kazakhstan, 2015.

Source: Emerg Infect Dis. 2019; 25(6):1169-1176



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Fereidouni Sasan

Vetmed Research Units
Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, Conservation Medicine


Abstract:
In 2015, a mass die-off of ≈200,000 saiga antelopes in central Kazakhstan was caused by hemorrhagic septicemia attributable to the bacterium Pasteurella multocida serotype B. Previous analyses have indicated that environmental triggers associated with weather conditions, specifically air moisture and temperature in the region of the saiga antelope calving during the 10-day period running up to the event, were critical to the proliferation of latent bacteria and were comparable to conditions accompanying historically similar die-offs in the same areas. We investigated whether additional viral or bacterial pathogens could be detected in samples from affected animals using 3 different high-throughput sequencing approaches. We did not identify pathogens associated with commensal bacterial opportunisms in blood, kidney, or lung samples and thus concluded that P. multocida serotype B was the primary cause of the disease.

Keywords Pubmed: Animal Diseasesepidemiologyhistorymicrobiologymortality
Animals
Antelopesmicrobiology
Bacterial Infectionsveterinary
Female
Gammaproteobacteriaclassificationgenetics
Geography, Medical
History, 21st Century
Kazakhstanepidemiology
Male
Metagenomics
RNA, Ribosomal, 16Sgenetics

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