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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Full Paper

Year: 2019

Authors: Sperling, S; Fiedler, P; Lechner, M; Pollithy, A; Ehrenberg, S; Schiefer, AI; Kenner, L; Feuchtinger, A; Kühn, R; Swinerd, G; Schmidt-Supprian, M; Strobl, LJ; Zimber-Strobl, U

Title: Chronic CD30 signaling in B cells results in lymphomagenesis by driving the expansion of plasmablasts and B1 cells

Source: Blood. 2019; 133(24): 2597-2609.

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Kenner Lukas

Vetmed Research Units
Institute of Pathology, Pathology of Laboratory Animals

CD30 is expressed on a variety of B-cell lymphomas, such as Hodgkin lymphoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma subgroup. In normal tissues, CD30 is expressed on some activated B and T lymphocytes. However, the physiological function of CD30 signaling and its contribution to the generation of CD30+ lymphomas are still poorly understood. To gain a better understanding of CD30 signaling in B cells, we studied the expression of CD30 in different murine B-cell populations. We show that B1 cells expressed higher levels of CD30 than B2 cells and that CD30 was upregulated in IRF4+ plasmablasts (PBs). Furthermore, we generated and analyzed mice expressing a constitutively active CD30 receptor in B lymphocytes. These mice displayed an increase in B1 cells in the peritoneal cavity (PerC) and secondary lymphoid organs as well as increased numbers of plasma cells (PCs). TI-2 immunization resulted in a further expansion of B1 cells and PCs. We provide evidence that the expanded B1 population in the spleen included a fraction of PBs. CD30 signals seemed to enhance PC differentiation by increasing activation of NF-κB and promoting higher levels of phosphorylated STAT3 and STAT6 and nuclear IRF4. In addition, chronic CD30 signaling led to B-cell lymphomagenesis in aged mice. These lymphomas were localized in the spleen and PerC and had a B1-like/plasmablastic phenotype. We conclude that our mouse model mirrors chronic B-cell activation with increased numbers of CD30+ lymphocytes and provides experimental proof that chronic CD30 signaling increases the risk of B-cell lymphomagenesis.© 2019 by The American Society of Hematology.

Keywords Pubmed: Animals
Cell Transformation, Neoplasticpathology
Ki-1 Antigenimmunologymetabolism
Lymphoma, B-Cellimmunologymetabolismpathology
Mice, Transgenic
Plasma Cellsmetabolismpathology
Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoidmetabolismpathology
Signal Transductionphysiology

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