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Publication type: Journal Article
Document type: Full Paper

Year: 2019

Author(s): Van Dongen, WFD; White, J; Brandl, HB; Leclaire, S; Hatch, SA; Danchin, E; Wagner, RH

Title: Experimental evidence of a sexually transmitted infection in a wild vertebrate, the black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla).

Source: Biol J Linn Soc. 2019; 127(2): 292-298.



Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Brandl Hanja
van Dongen Wouter
Wagner Richard

Vetmed Research Units
Konrad Lorenz Institute of Ethology


Project(s): Mechanisms of breeding aggregations in fishes


Abstract:
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in animals may have profound eco-evolutionary consequences, yet experimental studies of the sexual transmission of pathogens in wild populations are lacking. Here to identify sexually transmitted bacteria, we experimentally manipulated ejaculate transfer in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) by blocking insemination after pairs had commenced copulating. We found that a Corynebacterium pathogenic strain was cleared from the cloaca of females five times more frequently in the experimental group, indicating it had been sexually transferred. A typical feature of STIs is that they reduce fertility, and in our kittiwake population, infected females suffered significantly higher hatching failure than uninfected females. Nevertheless, infected females achieved the same reproductive success as uninfected females by laying earlier and producing more eggs, suggesting reproductive compensation, a common strategy adopted by infected animals and plants. Our results provide new insights into the fitness consequences of STIs in a wild species and may stimulate further research on their evolutionary implications.


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