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Type of publication: Journal Article
Type of document: Note

Year: 2019

Authors: Nassik, S; Tallouzt, S; Karbach, N; Touzani, C; Bidoudan, Y; Aamarine, N; Hess, C

Title: First Report of Isolation of Gallibacterium anatis from Layer Chickens in Morocco with Decrease in Laying Performance.

Source: Avian Dis. 2019; 63(4):727-730

Authors Vetmeduni Vienna:

Hess Claudia

Vetmed Research Units
University Clinic for Poultry and Fish Medicine, Clinical Unit of Poultry Medicine

Gallibacterium is a genus of the family of Pasteurellaceae . It is well known as a commensal inhabitant of the respiratory and reproductive tract of healthy chickens. But in the last years, Gallibacterium anatis is increasingly reported in field cases with a decrease in laying performance due to infections of the reproductive tract. The aim of the present study was to investigate the implication of G. anatis infection in layer flocks facing a decrease in laying performance in Morocco. Birds were received from five different laying hen farms in two regions in Morocco showing a drop of egg production. Necropsy revealed 46.1 % (24/52) of sampled birds showed variable lesions in ovaries, salpinx, and trachea. In fact, 24 birds were affected by salpingitis, 18 by oophoritis, and 11 birds by atrophy of ovaries. Furthermore, tracheitis was observed in 24 birds. Bacteriological investigation was done from different organs, and G. anatis was found in ovaries ( n = 20), trachea ( n = 17), and cloaca ( n = 3). Identification was based on growth morphology, Gram staining, and biochemical properties. Additionally, polymerase chain reaction test using specific primers for the genus identification was carried out. All isolates showed bands of 925 bp specific for G. anatis expressing the virulent toxin GtxA. Antibiotic resistance testing was performed and revealed that isolates were sensitive to enrofloxacin, florfenicol, and gentamycin but resistant to ampicillin, erythromycin, oxytetracycline, and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. The present study is the first report of G. anatis in Morocco, demonstrating the need for further epidemiologic investigations as well as in regard to antibiotic resistance development.

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